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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

IJBBB is a multidisciplinary journal devoted to report advances with originality and novelty, in the science and technology of the processes involving various topics of Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Biomedical and also Environment and Environmental Informatics. It concerns to serve as the best platform to focus and expedite the much needed research in the field Biotechnology and Biomedical through the Bioinformatics. 

Its main areas of interest include novel bioprocesses and enabling technologies: Biotechnology: processes and their life science aspects, Plant & Animal Biotechnology, Industrial Processes/ New Products, Agro- and Food Biotechnology, Nanobiotechnology, Genetic sequencing, Tissue engineering, Metabolic engineering, Bioinformatics,  Biocatalysis, enzyme engineering and biotransformation Systems biology, Synthetic biology, Healthcare (medical, pharmaceutical, cosmetic), Modeling, optimization and control techniques, Molecular, Biochemical/ Bioprocess Engineering, Physiology/Biochemistry, Genomics and Proteomics, Computational & System Biology, Biomedical, Environmental Informatics & Biotechnology Energy (biofuels), Biorefinery industries and their underlying biological and engineering principles. 

Research and review papers of general significance that are written clearly and well organized will be given preference. All papers, solicited and unsolicited, will be first assessed by a Reviewing Editor. Reproducibility data that are required and Illustrated must be mentioned in reference list. Papers found unsuitable in terms of the overall requirements of the journal will be returned to the authors. The others will be sent for detailed review. Authors of these papers will be notified of acceptance, need for revision or rejection of the paper. It may be noted that papers once rejected cannot be resubmitted . Illustrations and other materials to be reproduced from other publications must be properly credited; it is the authors’ responsibility to obtain permission for reproduction of figures, tables, etc. from published sources (copies of letters of permission should be sent to the editor).

. Illustrations and other materials to be reproduced from other publications must be properly credited; it is the authors’ responsibility to obtain permission for reproduction of figures, tables, etc. from published sources (copies of letters of permission should be sent to the editor).

Types of paper
CSVTU IJBBB accepts two types of manuscripts: Full length articles/ Short communications and Reviews articles.
Full length articles should not generally exceed 5000 words or 25 double-spaced pages of text (not including the references) and should not contain more than 15 figures and/or tables.
Short communications should not exceed 1500 words or 10 double-spaced pages of text (not including the references) and no more than 5 figures and/or tables.
Reviews should not generally exceed 4000 words or 20 double-spaced pages of text (not including the references) and should not contain more than 10 figures and/or tables.

Declarations to be made regarding ethical issues

Manuscripts that deal with clinical findings should be enclosed with a statement on informed consent of the patients under study. If humans and animals are the subject of a clinical study, it is essential for the study to have been carried out in accordance with the ethical standards of the country/countries where the research described in the article has been conducted. A declaration to that effect must accompany the manuscript.

Supplementary material

Detailed tables can be submitted as supplementary material, which will be published online. If tables with huge data are not submitted as supplementary material and are found suitable for online publishing only, the discretion to use these as supplementary materials lies with the journal. The authors will be informed about this during the processing of their manuscripts.
Any details and queries regarding supplementary material should be addressed to the corresponding author of the paper. The published material cannot be reproduced without permission from the author.

Author conflict of interest statement

Authors must acknowledge the organizations that have provided financial support for their work. Any other conflict of interest must be declared while submitting the manuscripts.

Essential title page information
• Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
• Author names and affiliations:  Given name(s) and family name(s) of each author is to be clearly indicated and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation
addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address.
Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
• Corresponding author: Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact
details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

Text: 

Abstract
Word limits: 100-150 words for Short Communications and 150-250 words for Full Length Articles and Reviews. It will provide a brief background of the research and a description of the results without extensive
experimental detail summarize the significance of the findings. Do not include reference citations. Avoid uncommon abbreviations.
Graphical abstract
A Graphical abstract is can be presented for research papers, but not necessary for Review articles. It should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention
of a wide readership. 

Keywords
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing
with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Introduction

All papers should have a brief and concise introduction in the related background description and lead to the objectives and novelty of the work. The text should be intelligible to readers in different disciplines and technical terms should be defined. 

Material and Methods
Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced, including the information about suppliers and catalogue numbers when appropriate. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Results and discussion
These two parts can be presented as separate units as "Results" and "Discussion" or combined into one section. The discussion about each major point or findings of the results is very important, and should not repeat the experimental results. Related reference should be cited according to the findings of the article.

Conclusions
This section is not compulsory and can exist as a short paragraph at the end of "Results and Discussion" section. When it exists as a section, it should be short and concise but should not repeat the Abstract. Generally the Conclusion does not cite references, and it is different from the discussion.

Tables and figures should be referred to in numerical order.

All symbols and abbreviations must be defined and used only when necessary. Superscripts, subscripts and ambiguous characters should be clearly indicated. Units of measure should be metric or, preferably, SI.

Figures: In the case of line drawings, one set of originals and two copies should be submitted. Line drawings should be roughly twice the final printed size. In the case of photographs, good prints are required with each copy of the manuscript; photocopies of photographs are not acceptable.
Photomicrographs and other photographs that require it must have a scale bar, which should be defined clearly in the legend. Primary data should be submitted as far as possible (e.g. actual photographs of electrophoretic gels rather than idealized diagrams). The map of India, if forming a part of the article, must conform to official maps released by the Survey of India, giving reference to the source map. Lettering should be sufficiently large to be clear after reduction to print size.

Reference: 
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). References should be cited as Surname of author and cited position: Bhatia et al. [1]  or (for single author: Bhatia [1]. References should not include unpublished source materials. Insert initials only if there are two different authors with the same surname and same year of publication. Two or more years in parentheses following an author's name are cited in ascending order of year, and two or more references published in the same year by the same author are differentiated by letters a, b, c, etc. For example: Baruah (1a, b, c). Different references cited together should be in sequence, for example: (Sahariah 2011[2]; Thomson & Kim 2012 [3]; Verma 2015 [1] as [1-3] ).

The list of References at the end of the text should be in the following format.
Reference to a journal publication:

[1] Sahariah, B.P., Chakraborty, S., 2011. Kinetic analysis of phenol, thiocyanate and ammonia-nitrogen removals in an anaerobic–anoxic–aerobic moving bed bioreactor system. Journal of Hazardous material, 190, 260–267.

[2] Audenaert, K., Pattery, T., Cornelis, P., & Höfte, M. 2002. Induction of systemic resistance to Botrytis cinerea in tomato by Pseudomonas aeruginosa 7NSK2: role of salicylic acid, pyochelin, and pyocyanin. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions15(11), 1147-1156.

Book reference styles (i) Article in compilation; (ii) Multi-author work; (iii) Standard reference; (iv) report; (v) Thesis:

(i) McInerney M. J., 1999 Anaerobic metabolism and its regulation. In: Biotechnology, J. Winter (ed.), 2nd edn, WileyVCH Verlag, Weinheim, Germany.

(ii) Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 2009. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304.

(iii) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater 2005, 21th  Edn, American Public Health Association/American Water Works Association/Water Environment Federation, Washington DC, USA.

(iv) Sobsey M. D., Pfaender F. K., 2002 Evaluation of the H2S method for Detection of Fecal

Contamination of Drinking Water, Report WHO/SDE/WSH/02.08, Water Sanitation and Health

Programme, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland.

(v) Bell, J. 2002 Treatment of Dye Wastewaters in the Anaerobic Baffled Reactor and Characterisation of the Associated Microbial Populations. PhD thesis, Pollution Research Group, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Data references
This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.

Online references

These should specify the full URL for the reference and give the date on which it was consulted. Please check again to confirm that the work you are citing is still accessible:

Alcock S. J. & Branston L. 2000 SENSPOL: Sensors for Monitoring Water Pollution from Contaminated Land, Landfills and Sediment. http://www.cranfield.ac.uk/biotech/senspol/ (accessed 22 July 2005)

References in languages other than English: These should be accompanied by an English translation of the article title

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgments should be as brief as possible. Footnotes are not normally allowed except to identify the author for correspondence.

Cover photographs. Good colour photographs that pertain to a submitted paper will be considered for use on the cover. Good prints and a legend should be submitted with the manuscript.

The manuscript should be ordered as follows:

Title page, abstract, key words, text, acknowledgements, references, tables, figure legends (on separate page preceding the first figure), figures (one figure per page; the figures should be labeled).

The title page should contain Title, Authors, Affiliations, and Corresponding author and address.  

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