The PC Based Tongue Operated Mouse
The tongue-operated assistive technology, first described at Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA), Annual Conference at Washington, D.C. funded by the National Science Foundation and the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation along with the successful trial completed with six able-bodied individuals testing the Tongue Drive system. The technology reduces the need of individuals with severe disabilities to receive continuous assistance from family members or caregivers, thus significantly reducing healthcare and assistance costs. It makes easier for the disabled to work and communicate with others, such as friends and family. This work is intended to develop a minimally invasive, unobtrusive, easy-to-use, reliable, and low-cost Assistive Technology (AT) based device that could potentially substitute for the users' lost arm and hand functions.
 Huo X, Wang J, Ghovanloo M. A magneto-inductive sensor based wireless tongue-computer interface. IEEE Trans. Neural Syst. Rehabil. Eng. Oct. 2008, 16(5), pp. 497–504.
 Kim J, Huo X, Ghovanloo M. Wireless control of smartphones with tongue motion using tongue drive assistive technology. Proc. IEEE 32nd Eng. in Med. and Biol. Conf. Sep. 2010, pp. 5250–5253.
 Kim J, Huo X, Minocha J, Holbrook J, Laumann A, Ghovanloo M. Evaluation of a smartphone platform as a wireless interface between tongue drive system and electric-powered wheelchairs. IEEE Trans. on Biomed. Eng. Jun. 2012, 59(6), pp. 1787–1796.
 Park H, Kim J, Huo X, Hwang I, Ghovanloo M. New ergonomic headset for tongue-drive system with wireless smartphone interface. Proc. IEEE 33rd Eng. in Med. and Biol. Conf. Sep. 2011, pp. 7344– 7367.
 Maysam Ghovanloo, Introduction and preliminary evaluation of the Tongue Drive System, Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 45(6), 2008, pp. 921-930.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The Copyright Notice will appear in About the Journal. It should describe for readers and authors whether the copyright holder is the author, journal, or a third party. It should include additional licensing agreements (e.g. CREATIVE COMMONS licenses) that grant rights to readers (see EXAMPLES), and it should provide the means for securing permissions, if necessary, for the use of the journal's content