A Review Paper on Friction Stir Welding
Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is a new solid-state welding technique which finds application in various industries.It involves the joining of metals without any help of fusion or filler material. The joint between two metals can be formed through the combined action of frictional heating and mechanical deformation which is developed due to a rotating tool. The material that flows around the tool undergoes an extreme level of plastic deformation. Rotation generates enough friction and the friction generates sufficient heat to plastify the material. Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is handy for welding aluminum alloys. However, interest is growing in utilizing the process in a wider range of applications that also employ non aero engine metallic materials. Therefore, it is the objective of
this report to provide a broad view of the capabilities of the FSW process for joining metals. This review paper will cover the various work performed on friction stir welding, and the basics
of the process and the fundamental aspects of operating an FSW. This includes a description of the different parameters that have been involved in this process. And also studied the material
flow, forces, and other output responses, including defects, and strain rates that is produced.
 Jain, R., Pal, S. K., & Singh, S. B. (2017). Finite element simulation of temperature and strain distribution during friction stir welding of AA2024 aluminum alloy. Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series C, 98(1), 37-43.
 Threadgill, P. L. (2007). Terminology in friction stir welding. Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 12(4), 357-360.
 Jain, R., Kumari, K., Kesharwani, R. K., Kumar, S., Pal, S. K., Singh, S. B., ... & Samantaray, A. K. (2015). Friction stir welding: scope and recent development. In Modern Manufacturing Engineering (pp. 179-229). Springer, Cham.
 Kusuda, Y. (2013). Honda develops robotized FSW technology to weld steel and aluminum and applied it to a mass-production vehicle. Industrial Robot: An International Journal, 40(3), 208-212.
 Jain, R., Pal, S. K., & Singh, S. B. (2016). A study on the variation of forces and temperature in a friction stir welding process: a finite element approach. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 23, 278-286.
 Kumari, K., Pal, S. K., & Singh, S. B. (2015). Friction stir welding by using counter-rotating twin tool. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 215, 132-141.
 Jain, R., Pal, S. K., & Singh, S. B. (2018). Finite element simulation of pin shape influence on material flow, forces in friction stir welding. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 94(5-8), 1781-1797.
 Sahu, P. K., Pal, S., Pal, S. K., & Jain, R. (2016). Influence of plate position, tool offset and tool rotational speed on mechanical properties and microstructures of dissimilar Al/Cu friction stir welding joints. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 235, 55-67.
 Kumar, U., Yadav, I., Kumari, S., Kumari, K., Ranjan, N., Kesharwani, R. K., ... & Pal, S. K. (2015). Defect identification in friction stir welding using discrete wavelet analysis. Advances in Engineering Software, 85, 43-50.
 Chauhan, P., Jain, R., Pal, S. K., & Singh, S. B. (2018). Modeling of defects in friction stir welding using coupled Eulerian and Lagrangian method. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 34, 158-166.
 Ranjan, R., Khan, A. R., Parikh, C., Jain, R., Mahto, R. P., Pal, S., ... & Chakravarty, D. (2016). Classification and identification of surface defects in friction stir welding: An image processing approach. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 22, 237-253.