Climate Variability and Its Impacts on Water Resources in the State of Manipur

  • Bharati Brahmacharimayum Directorate of Environment, Government of Manipur, Imphal East-795005
  • Yengkokpam Satyajit Singh Directorate of Environment, Government of Manipur, Imphal East-795005
  • Ashem Rahul Singh Directorate of Environment, Government of Manipur, Imphal East-795005
  • Salam Rita Devi Directorate of Environment, Government of Manipur, Imphal East-795005
Keywords: Climate variability, Water resources, Manipur, Erratic rainfall,, Hydrologic cycle


The water resources and the hydrologic cycle form an inseparable component of the changing climate. The alteration of the hydrologic cycle due to variation in the climatic component will result in the redistribution of water resources in the course of time. At the same time, the local micro-climate will be affected by the changes in the water regime which will certainly exacerbate climate change to a certain extent. With a growing population and erratic rainfall, the water resources in the state of Manipur are under tremendous pressure to meet the rising demand. Urbanization, large scale deforestation, untimely rainfall and lack of rain water harvesting practices have worsened the water scarcity in the state. Although the global climate change phenomenon cannot be prevented we could try adapting to the current climate variability. Promotion of water conservation and development of rational adaptation practices would go a long way in minimizing the adverse impacts of climate variability on water resources for a sustainable Manipur.


1. Nan, Y., Bao-hui, M. and Chun-kun, L., Impact Analysis of Climate Change on Water Resources, Procedia Eng. 2011; 24:643-648.
2. Stocker T.F., D. Qin, G.K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, et al., Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. Contribution of working group I to the fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.2013.
3. Hansen G, Cramer W., Global distribution of observed climate change impacts. Nat Climate Change. 2015; 5:182–185. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2529.
4. Huntington T.G., Evidence for intensification of the global water cycle: Review and synthesis. J of Hydrology. 2006; 319: 83–95.
5. Oki, T., and Kanae, S., Global hydrological cycles and world water resources. Sci. 2006; 313: 1068–1072.
6. Kothawale D.R., Krishna Kumar K., Srinivasan G., Spatial asymmetry of temperature trends over India and possible role of aerosols. Theor Appl Climatol. 2012; 110:263-280.
7. Goyal M.K., Surampalli R.Y., Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in India. J Environ Eng. 2018; 144-7.
8. Mall R.K., Gupta A., Singh R., Singh R.S, Rathore L.S., Water resources and climate change: An Indian perspective. Curr Sci. 2006; 90: 1610–1626.
9. Glazer A.N., Likens G.E., The water table: The shifting foundation of life on land. Ambio. 2012; 41: 657–669.
10. National Wetland Atlas. Space Application Centre, Indian Space Research Organization. 2010.
11. Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), Government of India, 2014 Ministry of Water Resources. Groundwater year book 2013–14.
12. Sethi, G, Sharma, A.B., Climate change and Manipur: Preparations, problems and awareness to face it. Int J Appl Res. 2017;3(1):710-716
13. Konikow L., Kendy E., Groundwater Depletion: A Global Problem. Hydrogeology. 2005 (13). 317-320.
14. Government of India (GoI). Census of India. New Delhi: Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner; 2011.
15. Madhusoodhanan C.G., Sreeja K.G , Eldho T.I., Climate change impact assessments on the water resources of India under extensive human interventions. Ambio. 2016. 45:725–741.
16. Directorate of Environment, Government of Manipur.
17. Government of Manipur. State Action Plan on Climate Change 2013, Directorate of Environment, Department of Forests and Environment. 2013.
18. Golding B., Campbell C., Learning to be drier in the southern Murray-Darling Basin: setting the scene. Australian J of Adult Learning. 2009; 49 (3) 423–450.
How to Cite
Brahmacharimayum, B., Singh, Y., Singh, A., & Devi, S. (2019). Climate Variability and Its Impacts on Water Resources in the State of Manipur. CSVTU International Journal of Biotechnology, Bioinformatics and Biomedical, 4(1), 21-27.